Journal Information
Vol. 21. Issue 2.
Pages 93-196 (April - June 2023)
Essays and perspectives
Large-scale patterns of useful native plants based on a systematic review of ethnobotanical studies in Argentina
María Virginia Palchetti, Fernando Zamudio, Sebastián Zeballos, Agustín Davies, Gloria E. Barboza, Melisa A. Giorgis
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:93-100

  • A country-level database of useful native plants is provided.

  • Plant families with high species richness have a high number of useful species.

  • Plant species with great cultural importance are frequent in the landscape.

  • 70% of useful native plant species are used exclusively in one region.

  • Differences in the plants used reflect the biogeographical affinities between regions.

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Fire reduces taxonomic and functional diversity in Neotropical moist seasonally flooded forests
María Constanza Meza, Josep María Espelta, Tania Marisol González, Dolors Armenteras
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:101-11

  • Irrespective of severity, fire reduces forest taxonomic and functional α and β diversity.

  • Fire filtered species with similar functional traits and thus increases functional homogeneity.

  • Resprouting capacity and leaf phenology (deciduousness) are two key traits that enhance post fire tree survival.

  • Fire decreases the diversity and abundance of plants dispersed by animals.

  • Fire uncouples the dominant functional traits between mature surviving trees and the seedlings that regenerate.

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Research letters
No relationship between biodiversity and forest carbon sink across the subtropical Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Kauane Maiara Bordin, Adriane Esquivel-Muelbert, Joice Klipel, Rayana Caroline Picolotto, Rodrigo Scarton Bergamin, Ana Carolina da Silva, Pedro Higuchi, Elivane Salete Capellesso, ... Sandra Cristina Müller
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:112-20

  • Secondary and old-growth subtropical Brazilian Atlantic Forests are acting as carbon sink.

  • Biodiversity is not related to net carbon change in this region.

  • Subtropical Brazilian Atlantic Forests should be conserved irrespective to their ages to maintain carbon sink.

  • Biodiversity and carbon-related processes should be taken as conservation targets.

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How habitat loss and fragmentation are reducing conservation opportunities for vertebrates in the most threatened savanna of the World
João Paulo S. Vieira-Alencar, Bruna E. Bolochio, Ana Paula Carmignotto, Ricardo J. Sawaya, Luís Fábio Silveira, Paula Hanna Valdujo, Cristiano de Campos Nogueira, Javier Nori
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:121-7

  • Protecting further 6.75% of the Cerrado doubles representation of endemic tetrapods.

  • Larger priority areas for conservation are concentrated in northern Cerrado.

  • Small and m edium priority areas are scattered across southern Cerrado.

  • Our ability to represent endemic terrestrial vertebrates decreased with recent habitat loss.

  • Habitat loss precludes the representation of tetrapods in large top priority areas.

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Predicting the range expansion of invasive alien grasses under climate change in the Neotropics
Aline Lopes, Layon Orestes Demarchi, Maria Teresa Fernandez Piedade, Jochen Schöngart, Florian Wittmann, Cássia Beatriz Rodrigues Munhoz, Cristiane Silva Ferreira, Augusto Cesar Franco
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:128-35

  • Not all invasive grasses would be equally affected by climate change.

  • Range retractions are projected for some species regardless of the scenario.

  • We expect species niches to shift to areas not yet occupied.

  • Arundo donax had the greatest range expansion in the SSP3 and SSP5 scenarios.

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Taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional responses of plant communities in different life-stages to forest cover loss
L. Rocha-Santos, D. Faria, E. Mariano-Neto, E.R. Andrade, J.A. Bomfim, D.C. Talora, M.S. Pessoa, E. Cazetta
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:136-42

  • Forest loss leads to decline in tree species richness.

  • Species richness is effective for recording biodiversity responses to deforestation.

  • Extinction debt might not be masking long-term effects of deforestation.

  • High conservation value of disturbed forests, in terms of evolutionary history.

  • Disturbed forests are partly maintaining ecosystem function now, and in the future.

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Biological invasions are as costly as natural hazards
Anna J. Turbelin, Ross N. Cuthbert, Franz Essl, Phillip J. Haubrock, Anthony Ricciardi, Franck Courchamp
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:143-50

  • Damage costs from biological invasions and natural hazards are of similar magnitude.

  • Global biological invasion costs increased by 702% from 1980–1999 to 2000–2019.

  • Invasion costs increased faster than natural hazard damages over time (1980–2019).

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Intraspecific variation of invaded pollination networks – the role of pollen-transport, pollen-transfer and different levels of biological organization
Carine Emer, Jane Memmott
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:151-63

  • The role of intraspecific variation across levels of biological organization is an unanswered question in invaded and non-invaded pollination networks.

  • Significant intraspecific variation was detected in the pollen loads and pollen deposition of the invasive plant Impatiens glandulifera.

  • Only a few individual pollinators carried large amounts of alien pollen grains, potentially function as super-spreaders driving the invading process.

  • Node and structural specialization were higher for individual-based and pollen-transfer networks in comparison to species-level and pollen-transport networks.

  • These findings shed light on the mechanisms of the (re)organization of population niches and the invasion biology dynamics scaling-up to community and ecosystem functioning.

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Contrasting nation-wide citizen science and expert collected data on hummingbird–plant interactions
Camila Bosenbecker, Pedro Amaral Anselmo, Roberta Zuba Andreoli, Gustavo Hiroaki Shimizu, Paulo Eugênio Oliveira, Pietro Kiyoshi Maruyama
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:164-71

  • We extracted hummingbird-plant data from an online photograph platform.

  • Data were compared with expert collected data, available in the literature.

  • There were some similarities between citizen and expert data.

  • For the hummingbirds, overlap in plant species interacting was generally low.

  • Unstructured citizen science data can be a rich source of interaction information.

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Effectiveness of community-based monitoring projects of terrestrial game fauna in the tropics: a global review
Yasmin Maria Sampaio dos Reis, Maíra Benchimol
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:172-9

  • We identified 52 community-based monitoring projects on game terrestrial fauna in the tropics.

  • Most of these initiatives (86%) were interrupted due the lack of funding.

  • The absence of spatio-temporal data analyses prevented the provision of information on monitored resource.

  • The empowerment and management actions were hampered by the lack of local participation.

  • Community-based approaches will be more efficient if they engage local people at all stages of the monitoring.

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Neotropical understory birds and mammals show divergent behaviour responses to human pressure
Pablo Jose Negret, Mathew Scott Luskin, Bibiana Gomez-Valencia, Angelica Diaz-Pulido, Luis Hernando Romero, Adriana Restrepo, Julie G. Zaehringer, Kendall R. Jones, ... Calebe Pereira Mendes
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:180-8

  • Diel activity of 45% of birds and 36% of mammals assessed significantly changed in areas with higher human pressures.

  • In general Mammals became more nocturnal, while birds became more diurnal.

  • For birds increased diurnality may not be strongly associated with direct human pressures like hunting, and instead with habitat disturbance.

  • Our results align with other studies that show increased nocturnality for mammals in areas with high human pressure.

  • Opposing behavioural responses to humans among vertebrates have repercussions for intraguild predation, competition and conservation considerations.

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Effects of habitat loss on Brazilian primates: assessing extinction thresholds in the Amazon and Atlantic Forest
Carmen Galán-Acedo, Ricard Arasa-Gisbert, Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez, Marisela Martínez-Ruiz, Fernando A. Rosete-Vergés, Fabricio Villalobos
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:189-95

  • Forest cover decreases primate species richness in the Amazon and Atlantic forest.

  • Amazon primates are more sensitive to forest loss than Atlantic forest species.

  • Species in more deforested landscapes have small home ranges.

  • Non-linear models fitted the data better than linear models.

  • We must maintain forest cover above 60% to prevent primate extinctions.

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Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation