Journal Information

Articles in press

Articles in press are accepted, peer reviewed articles that are not yet assigned to volumes/issues, but are citable using DOI. More info

Beyond fear: a new paradigm to manage shark recovery in Brazilian marine protected areas
Hudson T. Pinheiro, Osmar J. Luiz, Luiz A. Rocha, Kirsten Wohak, Ronaldo B. Francini-Filho

  • Shark recovery in Brazilian Marine Protected Areas has concerned managers.

  • Shark culling has been proposed and scientific-diving banned after incidents.

  • Decisions should not be based on fear but grounded in scientific research.

  • Both conservation goals and economic benefits can be achieved with shark recovery.

Full text access
Available online 9 February 2024
AMACRO: the newer Amazonia deforestation hotspot and a potential setback for Brazilian agriculture
Michel E.D. Chaves, Guilherme Mataveli, Katyanne V. Conceição, Marcos Adami, Felipe G. Petrone, Ieda D. Sanches

  • A deforestation hotspot emerges in a region planned for agricultural development in the - Amazon rainforest.

  • Deforestation grows in all land tenure classes, especially after the project became widespread, in 2018.

  • Forest loss increased in protected areas after 2018, except in Indigenous Lands, which resist as protective shields.

  • Contrary to economic development, it can trigger socioeconomic losses and affect essential edaphoclimatic conditions for agricultural activity.

  • Environmental impact studies need to be concluded before establishing the zone for agricultural development.

Full text access
Available online 8 February 2024
Environmental DNA and biodiversity patterns: a call for a community phylogenetics approach
José Alexandre Felizola Diniz-Filho, Luis Mauricio Bini, Cintia Pelegrineti Targueta, Mariana Pires de Campos Telles, Lucas Jardim, Karine Borges Machado, João Carlos Nabout, Rhewter Nunes, ... Thannya Nascimento Soares

  • eDNA metabarcoding allows cost-effective biodiversity analysis and monitoring.

  • eDNA focuses on defining MOTUs/ASVs, but more information is intrinsic to such data.

  • α and β diversity patterns from eDNA are enhanced by explicit phylogenetic analyses.

  • Diversity gradients of microeukaryotes in Araguaia River illustrate these patterns.

Full text access
Available online 6 February 2024
Reducing negative economic and equity implications associated with conserving 30% of the planet by 2030
Sophie Jago

  • Expanding protected areas is likely to have high economic costs and exacerbate inequalities.

  • OECMs can provide a cheaper more equitable alternative to meeting area-based conservation targets.

  • Effort and funds should focus on improving existing protected areas and designating new OECMs.

Full text access
Available online 6 February 2024
The underestimated global importance of plant belowground coarse organs in open biomes for ecosystem functioning and conservation
Gianluigi Ottaviani, Jitka Klimešová, Tristan Charles-Dominique, Mathieu Millan, Timothy Harris, Fernando A.O. Silveira

  • Open biomes cover ∼60% of land worldwide, and are associated with many biodiversity hotspots.

  • There, plants typically allocate most biomass belowground, yet functional roles of belowground coarse organs are overlooked.

  • Perenniality and decomposability of belowground coarse organs can differ greatly from that of fine roots.

  • We call for the inclusion of belowground coarse organs and their functions, especially in carbon cycling research.

  • Such inclusive approach can refine mitigation policies and our view on the functioning and conservation of open biomes.

Full text access
Available online 6 February 2024
Chronic human disturbance and environmental forces drive the regeneration mechanisms of a Caatinga dry tropical forest
Ronald Noutcheu, Fernanda M.P. Oliveira, Rainer Wirth, Marcelo Tabarelli, Inara R. Leal

  • Dry-forest regeneration mechanisms respond to both natural and human drivers.

  • Caatinga regeneration relies on low-density and taxonomically impoverished regenerating assemblages.

  • Resprouts rather than seedlings and saplings support Caatinga regeneration.

  • Chronic human disturbances pose negative effect on regeneration mechanisms such as seed rain and seedling abundance.

  • Agricultural better practices are required to improve Caatinga resilience.

Full text access
Available online 31 January 2024
Thermal mismatch explains fungal disease dynamics in Brazilian frogs
Tamilie Carvalho, Daniel Medina, Raoni Rebouças, C. Guilherme Becker, Luís Felipe Toledo

  • Thermal mismatch can increase susceptibility of tropical amphibians to chytridiomycosis.

  • Cold- and warm-adapted amphibian hosts had a higher risk of infection under abnormally warm and cool conditions, respectively.

  • Overall, cool-adapted frogs displayed a greater risk of disease regardless of temperature.

Full text access
Available online 19 January 2024
Brazilian public funding for biodiversity research in the Amazon
Lis F. Stegmann, Filipe M. França, Raquel L. Carvalho, Jos Barlow, Erika Berenguer, Leandro Castello, Leandro Juen, Fabrício B. Baccaro, ... Joice Ferreira

  • The federal grants and scholarships are uneven distributed between Brazilian regions.

  • The North region receives the least number of scholarships and grants per km² in Brazil.

  • The current federal budget is insufficient to cover large-scale research in the Amazon.

  • New national and international funds need to be created to improve Amazon biodiversity research.

Full text access
Available online 18 January 2024
Human density, development, and roads are the main drivers of carnivore presence in urban areas
Alan D. Pereira, Nicole C. Iliuk, Karine L. Kuryluk, Juliano A. Bogoni

  • We recorded 605 mammalian carnivorans (10 spp.) across 368 Brazilian urban areas.

  • Hotspots of carnivorans in urban areas were in Atlantic Forest and Cerrado.

  • Key predictions include human development index and human population density.

  • Road extension, municipality size and elevation also are crucial factors.

Full text access
Available online 1 January 2024
The Protected Areas network may be insufficient to protect bird diversity in a fragmented tropical hotspot under different climate scenarios
Vinicius Tonetti, Fernanda Bocalini, Fabio Schunck, Maurício Humberto Vancine, Mariella Butti, Milton Ribeiro, Marco Pizo

  • Overlap of priority areas for bird conservation based on three diversity components is low.

  • The current Protected Areas network does not cover the most important areas.

  • Climate change can have a low impact on priority areas for conservation.

  • We show priority areas where the current Protected Areas network could be expanded.

Full text access
Available online 1 January 2024
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation