Journal Information
Vol. 21. Issue 1.
Pages 1-92 (January - March 2023)
Regular issue
Regular Issue
Policy forum
Governance lessons from the Atlantic Forest to the conservation of the Amazon
Luís Fernando Guedes Pinto, Joice Ferreira, Erika Berenguer, Marcos Rosa
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:1-5

  • More than 12% of the watersheds of the Brazilian Amazon already have or are approaching natural forest cover below 30% and more than a third have below 80%.

  • Regions of the Amazon already forest cover below the average of the Atlantic Forest.

  • We propose learning policy lessons from the Atlantic Forest to avoid the same trajectory as the Amazon.

  • They need to be implemented urgently to stop the route towards its tipping point, address the climate emergency and assure the provision of ecosystem services.

Open access
Essays and perspectives
Business, biodiversity, and innovation in Brazil
Anna C. Fornero Aguiar, Fabio R. Scarano, Reinaldo L. Bozelli, Paulo D. Branco, Paula Ceotto, Vinicius F. Farjalla, Rafael Loyola, José Maria C. da Silva
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:6-16

  • There is room for expansion in the academic engagement with businesses in Brazil, notably in issues related to biodiversity and sustainability.

  • To tackle existing issues: offsets, licensing, and private reserves are fronts for engagement between academia and businesses in Brazil.

  • To tap into new opportunities: sustainable bioeconomy, access and benefit sharing, and environmental, social, and corporate governance are topics whereby academia-businesses partnerships in Brazil can innovate.

  • A mindset shift in academia and corporations will be required to foster sustainable businesses from a biodiversity perspective.

Open access
Global South leadership towards inclusive tropical ecology and conservation
Carolina Ocampo-Ariza, Manuel Toledo-Hernández, Felipe Librán-Embid, Dolors Armenteras, Justine Vansynghel, Estelle Raveloaritiana, Isabelle Arimond, Andrés Angulo-Rubiano, ... Bea Maas
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:17-24

  • Limited Global South participation and parachute science hampers tropical ecology.

  • Upgrades in equity, diversity and inclusion rooted in the Global South are essential.

  • Tropical conservation practices must be led by local researchers and stakeholders.

  • Recognition of science in the Global South may improve through outreach.

  • International research must provide equitable workloads and recognition to Global South researchers.

Open access
Optimal references for ecological restoration: the need to protect references in the tropics
Tiago Shizen Pacheco Toma, Gerhard Ernst Overbeck, Milton de Souza Mendonça, G.Wilson Fernandes
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:25-32

  • References are key to restoration, especially in highly threatened ecosystems.

  • Optimal references connect conservation and restoration.

  • Small remnants that serve as references can lead to landscape-scale benefits.

  • A detailed habitat classification is needed for adequate protection and restoration.

  • Ensuring optimal references protection will benefit future restoration initiatives.

Open access
Habitat protection and restoration: Win–win opportunities for migratory birds in the Northern Andes
Ana M. Gonzalez, Nestor Espejo, Dolors Armenteras, Keith A. Hobson, Kevin J. Kardynal, Greg W. Mitchell, Nancy Mahony, Christine A. Bishop, ... Scott Wilson
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:33-40

  • Colombia covers over half of key wintering areas for migratory birds in South America.

  • Most of the migrants’ overwinter range overlaps with working landscapes.

  • Priority national restoration/rehabilitation areas are ineffective to benefit migrants.

  • Forest conservation needs actions involving vulnerable and minority groups.

Open access
Research letters
The effects of natural forest and eucalyptus plantations on seven water-related ecosystem services in Cerrado landscapes
Giulia Baldaconi S. Bispo, Rozely F. Santos, Marcelo L.M. Pompeo, Silvio Frosini. B. Ferraz, Carolina B. Rodrigues, Bruno M. Brentan
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:41-51

  • We evaluated 7 water-related ES in landscapes with different proportions between eucalyptus and natural forests.

  • There is a threshold close to 20% of forest coverage below which ES supply tends to become unsustainable.

  • The highest gain to the seven ES occurs in catchments with natural forest cover over 45%.

  • Erosion control was the service most linked to natural forest decrease.

Open access
A participatory approach to map strategic areas for conservation and restoration at a regional scale
Luara Tourinho, Sara Maria de Brito Alves, Felipe Bastos Lobo da Silva, Marcio Verdi, Nádia Roque, Abel Augusto Conceição, Lidyanne Y.S. Aona, Guilherme de Oliveira, ... Bruno Vilela
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:52-61

  • Identifying and mapping strategic areas is a starting point for conservation and restoration actions.

  • Different participator perspectives allow changes in the methodology originally adopted.

  • The participatory approach provides highly effective and assessable mapping prioritization.

Open access
A critical assessment of ex situ conservation based on the Brazilian avifauna: Are we focusing on what is easier?
Renato Feliciano, Abraão de Barros Leite, Maíra Castro Garbeloto, Luís Fábio Silveira, Mercival Roberto Francisco
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:62-70

  • Brazil has the highest number of threatened avian taxa.

  • Taxa eligibility for ex situ conservation is not correlated to level of threat.

  • Larger taxa with easily replicable diets are predominant in ex situ conservation facilities.

  • Presence in traffic favors taxa eligibility for ex situ conservation plans.

  • Ex situ conservation reach is constrained by the lack of experimentation and of risk-taking.

Open access
Power lines and birds: An overlooked threat in South America
Natalia Rebolo-Ifrán, Pablo Plaza, Juan Manuel Pérez-García, Víctor Gamarra-Toledo, Francisco Santander, Sergio A. Lambertucci
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:71-84

  • Power lines are a major cause of bird mortality due to electrocutions and collisions.

  • This threat has been poorly studied in South America.

  • Scientific and grey literature suggest this threat is present in this subcontinent.

  • A total of 85 bird species from 34 families affected by power lines were identified.

  • More studies assessing bird mortality due to this threat in South America are needed.

Open access
A call for improving the Key Biodiversity Areas framework
Harith Farooq, Alexandre Antonelli, Søren Faurby
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:85-91

  • The KBA Standards may not be scalable to all biodiversity.

  • If everywhere can be a Key Biodiversity Area, nowhere is “Key”.

  • If any area is “Key” the assessment process is solely based on manageability.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation