Journal Information
Vol. 20. Issue 4.
Pages 303-408 (October - December 2022)
Essays and perspectives
Assessing the contribution of local experts in monitoring Neotropical vertebrates with camera traps, linear transects and track and sign surveys in the Amazon
Monique Ponce-Martins, Cintia Karoline Manos Lopes, Elildo Alves Ribeiro de Carvalho-Jr, Felipe Matheus dos Reis Castro, Milton José de Paula, Juarez Carlos Brito Pezzuti
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:303-13

  • Combining visual, vocal and sign allow to survey all region’s important game species.

  • Data collected by local hunters proved efficient for detecting the species composition.

  • Sightings/vocalisations are crucial to monitor primates and terrestrial game birds.

  • Tapir and deer can be well monitored using camera trap and track and sign surveys.

  • Camera traps are the most effective method to record carnivores.

Open access
Research letters
Edges as hotspots and drivers of forest cover change in a tropical landscape
Raíza Salomão Precinoto, Pablo Viany Prieto, Marcos de Souza Lima Figueiredo, Maria Lucia Lorini
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:314-21

  • Edges are hotspots of forest cover change in an Atlantic Forest landscape.

  • Main determinants of both deforestation and regrowth were biophysical factors.

  • Strictly Protected Areas was the unique socioeconomic determinant of deforestation.

  • Biophysical determinants may indicate socioeconomic processes involved in forest cover changes.

Open access
How do patch burnings affect ant communities and seed removal in a subtropical grassland?
Gabriel Gonçalves Barbosa, Claire Pauline Röpke Ferrando, Milton de Souza Mendonça, Luciana Regina Podgaiski
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:322-9

  • Grassland ant community composition and body size do not change with fire.

  • Ant richness increased 1 and 12 months post-fire.

  • Ant richness was positively driven by plant richness in burned patches.

  • Seed removal by ants increased 1 month post-fire.

Open access
Legal reserves ensure alpha and beta ant diversity in highly modified agricultural landscapes
Kelley Rita Przybyszewski, Ricardo Eduardo Vicente, José Victor Alves Ferreira, Mônica Josene Barbosa Pereira, Thiago Junqueira Izzo, Danielle Storck-Tonon
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:330-7

  • Private Legal Reserves (LRs) can retain part of the alpha and beta diversity

  • There are a strong turnover of species between LRs and soybean crops

  • The composition of ants differs among Cerrado, Amazon and transitional vegetation

  • The similarity among samples decay with geographic distance (300 km) only in LRs

  • Cerrado LRs shares more species with crops than LRs in any other landscape

Open access
Scale affects the understanding of biases on the spatial knowledge of Atlantic Forest primates
Nicolas Silva Bosco, Victor Mateus Prasniewski, Jessie Pereira Santos, Natália Stefanini da Silveira, Laurence Culot, Milton Cezar Ribeiro, Geiziane Tessarolo, Thadeu Sobral-Souza
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:338-45

  • Spatial knowledge of Atlantic Forest primates has biases that vary according to the study scale and grid cell resolution;

  • In broad-scale perspectives (regional and global) the primate’s spatial knowledge is unbiased;

  • At narrow-scale perspectives, the knowledge may have bias, depending on grid cell resolution;

  • The central region of the Atlantic Forest is well sampled;

  • The São Francisco region and ecotone zones need to be further sampled.

Open access
Importance of non-journal literature in providing evidence for predator conservation
Igor Khorozyan
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:346-51

  • The literature other than scientific journals (non-journals) is a rarely explored resource in predator conservation.

  • Non-journals are important for some predator species and countries.

  • The use of non-journals should become a habitual practice to seek solutions for mitigation of human-predator conflicts.

  • The list of publications and online resources with valuable non-journals is provided.

Open access
Large-scale variations of raptor communities in urban green spaces of neotropical cities
Lucas M. Leveau
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:352-9

  • Raptor species richness increased in tropical cities.

  • Raptor species richness increased with increasing urban green area size.

  • Raptor body size increased with increasing urban green area size.

  • Urban green space size is fundamental for the conservation of raptor communities.

Open access
The agony of choice: Species richness and range size in the determination of hotspots for the conservation of phyllostomid bats
José D. Cú-Vizcarra, Fabricio Villalobos, M. Cristina MacSwiney G., Vinicio J. Sosa, Beatriz Bolívar-Cimé
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:360-8

  • The use of species richness and range size is useful to identify priority regions for the conservation of phyllostomid bats.

  • The richness-rarity hotspot covered most of the Andean region and up to Panama, with a greater portion in Colombia.

  • The poorness-rarity hotspot was located in North America, with a major portion in the arid region of Mexico.

  • Richness-rarity hotspot has a greater proportion of Conservation Units and a greater number of DD species.

  • In the poorness-rarity hotspot, the conservation of phyllostomid species is at risk due to the lack of Conservation Units.

Open access
Identifying areas for multidimensional biodiversity conservation, with a case study in Oaxaca, Mexico
Cintia Natalia Martín-Regalado, Miguel Briones-Salas, Claudia E. Moreno, Gerardo Sánchez-Rojas
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:369-76

  • Taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic diversity comprise multidimensional diversity.

  • Multidimensional diversity patterns can be mapped to detect conservation priorities.

  • Protected areas do not always include sites with high multidimensional biodiversity.

  • Indigenous communities have a fundamental role in the conservation of biodiversity.

  • Areas with high multidimensional diversity may have high or low ecological integrity.

Open access
Jaguar (Panthera onca) population density and landscape connectivity in a deforestation hotspot: The Paraguayan Dry Chaco as a case study
Jeffrey J. Thompson, Marianela Velilla, Hugo Cabral, Nicolás Cantero, Viviana Rojas Bonzi, Evelyn Britez, Juan M. Campos Krauer, Roy T. McBride, Rodrigo Ayala, José Luis Cartes
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:377-85

  • Jaguar densities ranged from 0.44 to 1.6 individuals/100 km2.

  • Density was significantly lower in more deforested sites vs. less deforested sites.

  • Landscape resistance for jaguars increased by ∼12% per 10% loss of forest.

  • More jaguar research in working landscapes is needed to understand land use effects.

Open access
Landscape forest loss decreases bird diversity with strong negative impacts on forest species in a mountain region
Fredy Vargas-Cárdenas, Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez, Jose Carlos Morante-Filho, Jorge E. Schondube, Daniel M. Auliz-Ortiz, Eliane Ceccon
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:386-93

  • We assess the effect of forest loss on bird diversity in the whole landscape mosaic.

  • Forest loss decreased forest-specialist and habitat-generalist bird diversity.

  • Forest loss restricted forest birds to a few sites in the landscape.

  • Preserving forest cover is paramount for bird diversity in anthropogenic landscapes.

Open access
How different farming practices influence the activity of insectivorous Neotropical bats
Marcelo Silva-Souza, Leonardo Dias-Silva, Sônia Aparecida Talamoni
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:394-400

  • We examined the activity and sonotypes of aerial insectivorous bats present in a human-modified landscape in Southeast Brazil.

  • Bats exhibited reduced activity and richness in Eucalyptus plantations.

  • Forest canopy density had a negative effect on overall activity and sonotypes richness of aerial insectivorous bats.

  • This study reinforce the importance of maintaining preserved areas of native vegetation in agropastoral landscapes.

Open access
Considering counterfactual scenarios in conservation planning: Perspectives from a biodiverse mining area in the Atlantic Forest
Juliana Siqueira-Gay, Luis E. Sánchez
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:401-7

  • Mining triggered cumulative impacts in a biodiverse region in Brazil’s Atlantic Forest.

  • Raw materials and carbon sequestration are the least impacted ecosystem services.

  • Pollination and freshwater provision are the most impacted ecosystem services.

  • Biodiverse areas would be less impacted in future in contrast to areas with net demand for ecosystem services.

  • Tailored conservation actions are needed to balance ecosystem services budget.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation

Subscribe to our newsletter