Journal Information

Articles in press

Articles in press are accepted, peer reviewed articles that are not yet assigned to volumes/issues, but are citable using DOI. More info

Understanding Brazil’s catastrophic fires: Causes, consequences and policy needed to prevent future tragedies
Vânia R. Pivello, Ima Vieira, Alexander V. Christianini, Danilo Bandini Ribeiro, Luciana da Silva Menezes, Christian Niel Berlinck, Felipe P.L. Melo, José Antonio Marengo, Carlos Gustavo Tornquist, Walfrido Moraes Tomas, Gerhard E. Overbeck

  • Fire incidence in Brazil increased in 2019−2020, with unprecedented magnitude in the Pantanal.

  • Fire effects vary according to the evolutionary history of the affected ecosystem.

  • A drier climate and land use changes increase the risk of wildfires throughout Brazil.

  • Poor governance further exacerbates the risk and damage of wildfires.

  • Fire policies must be improved by collaboration among different sectors of the society.

Open access
Available online 21 July 2021
Challenges and perspectives for the Brazilian semi-arid coast under global environmental changes
M.O. Soares, C.C. Campos, P.B.M. Carneiro, H.S. Barroso, R.V. Marins, C.E.P. Teixeira, M.O.B. Menezes, L.S. Pinheiro, M.B. Viana, C.V. Feitosa, J.I. Sánchez-Botero, L.E.A. Bezerra, C.A. Rocha-Barreira, H. Matthews-Cascon, F.O. Matos, A. Gorayeb, M.S. Cavalcante, M.F. Moro, S. Rossi, G. Belmonte, V.M.M. Melo, A.S. Rosado, G. Ramires, T.C.L. Tavares, T.M. Garcia

  • Changes in the Brazilian semi-arid coast reveal key questions to advance research.

  • Changes in the semi-arid coast can have consequences in the ecological stability and connectivity.

  • Modifications of the coastal dynamics can impact structure and function of adjacent marine ecosystems.

  • Semi-arid coast community dynamics under ongoing climate change should be monitored.

  • Beaches and nearshore mangroves erosion contrast with mangrove expansion inland.

Open access
Available online 29 June 2021
Selective logging in a chronosequence of Atlantic Forest: drivers and impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services
José Alberes Santos da Cunha, Nathan Castro Fonsêca, Jéssica Stéfane Alves Cunha, Lúcia dos Santos Rodrigues, Reginaldo Augusto Farias de Gusmão, Ana Carolina Borges Lins-e-Silva

  • Selective logging impacts biodiversity and ecosystem services in a chronosequence.

  • Two types of drivers lead the exploitation: forest supply and access.

  • Logging is higher in forests with higher tree abundance and biomass.

  • Forest areas with lesser supply but easier accessed are also exploited.

  • Harvest occurs in more accessible areas, and its intensity depends on the supply.

Open access
Available online 29 June 2021
To graze or not to graze: A core question for conservation and sustainable use of grassy ecosystems in Brazil
Rodrigo Baggio, Gerhard E. Overbeck, Giselda Durigan, Valério D. Pillar

  • Grassy ecosystems in South America have developed under grazing by large herbivores until the Early Holocene.

  • The grassy biomes need grazing animals and/or fire to maintain their biodiversity and ecological characteristics.

  • Grazing in the Legal Reserve can represent a social process with benefits for land users and biodiversity conservation.

  • Knowledge on grazing in Brazil’s grassy ecosystems should be developed by researchers and stakeholders.

Open access
Available online 29 June 2021
Enhancing climate change resilience of ecological restoration — A framework for action
William D. Simonson, Ellen Miller, Alastair Jones, Shaenandhoa García-Rangel, Hazel Thornton, Chris McOwen

  • Climate change needs considering in seven areas of restoration design/implementation.

  • These range from objective setting through to monitoring and adaptive management.

  • Evidence is scant for climate change resilient restoration in practice.

  • Our framework can help structure a more climate change resilient restoration approach.

Open access
Available online 12 June 2021
Integrating farmers’ decisions on the assessment of forest regeneration drivers in a rural landscape of Southeastern Brazil
Mónica Borda-Niño, Eliane Ceccon, Paula Meli, Diego Hernández-Muciño, Jean-François Mas, Pedro H.S. Brancalion

  • Forest regeneration is frequent on steeper slopes (>10%) formerly used for cattle ranching.

  • Forest regeneration is frequent closer to older forest patches and permanent rivers.

  • Biophysical factors as slope and altitude affect farmer’s decisions on land abandonment.

  • Forest regeneration is inversely related to the economic dependence on farm’s income.

  • Fluctuating market demands can encourage deforestation or land abandonment.

Open access
Available online 12 June 2021
Environmental sound as a mirror of landscape ecological integrity in monitoring programs
Camilo Sánchez-Giraldo, Camilo Correa Ayram, Juan M. Daza

  • We determined how soundscape complexity and ecological integrity are related.

  • Acoustically richer soundscapes were linked to higher ecological integrity.

  • Relationship between acoustic complexity and integrity was influenced by daily variation.

  • Acoustic complexity serves as an indicator of the ecosystem health.

  • Soundscape analysis is a feasible approach for monitoring and conservation of the landscape.

Open access
Available online 11 June 2021
Environmental heterogeneity and sampling relevance areas in an Atlantic forest endemism region
Carolina da Silva Carvalho, Felipe Martello, Mauro Galetti, Fernando Pinto, Mercival Roberto Francisco, Luis Fábio Silveira, Pedro Manoel Galetti Jr

  • Private reserves preserve the environmental heterogeneity found in the PEC.

  • Mammals, in general, are the least studied vertebrate groups in the PEC.

  • The western region of the PEC presents the highest sampling relevance of vertebrates.

  • Sites with the highest sampling relevance are most threatened by fragmentation.

Open access
Available online 10 June 2021
Cat and dog predation on birds: The importance of indirect predation after bird-window collisions
Natalia Rebolo-Ifrán, Lucía Zamora-Nasca, Sergio A. Lambertucci

  • Domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) and dogs (Canis lupus familiaris), affect birdlife in various ways, including predation.

  • Besides direct predation, birds caught by cats and dogs after collisions with windows represents an unexplored human cause of avian mortality.

  • Bird-window collisions should be incorporated into the assessment of bird predation by cats and dogs.

  • Minimizing the number of cats and dogs per household and the time spent outdoors would help reduce avian mortality.

Open access
Available online 9 June 2021
Remaining suitable areas for the critically endangered Brazilian Merganser (Mergus octosetaceus; Aves, Anseriformes) are threatened by hydroelectric power plants
Alex Augusto Abreu Bovo, Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz, Flávia Ribeiro, Lívia Vanucci Lins, Marcelo de Oliveira Barbosa, Fernando Henrique Previdente, Gislaine M.S. Disconzi, Fabiane Sebaio, Paulo de Tarso Zuquim Antas, André de Camargo Guaraldo, Alexandre Resende, Adriano Rodrigues Lagos, Antonio Eduardo Araujo Barbosa, Luís Fábio Silveira

  • Brazilian Merganser has few suitable areas remaining for its three populations.

  • Several small hydroelectric plants are planned in areas where the species inhabits.

  • A high amount of suitable area used by the species is not within Protected Areas.

  • A fifth of the suitable areas are covered by anthropogenic land use, mainly pasture.

  • Brazilian Merganser situation is critical, calling for urgent conservation actions.

Open access
Available online 5 May 2021
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation

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